Hudson River Sloop Clearwater and Goshen Green Farms, LLC have jointly filed an Article 78 lawsuit against the New York State Public Service Commission, arguing it acted improperly when it mandated a massive subsidy to prop up New York’s aging, failing nuclear power plants as part of the State’s Clean Energy Standard.

The PSC recently voted to place a surcharge on New York ratepayers’ electric bills to raise $7.6 billion over 12 years and give it to the nuclear plant operator, Exelon, to continue running three aging nuclear facilities in upstate New York until 2029. The decision could also potentially give Entergy another $2.8 billion to continue running the Indian Point nuclear plant in Westchester, which the Comoros administration has said should be closed. Clearwater submitted the Article 78 petition to the Supreme Court of the State of New York in Albany this afternoon.

“This lawsuit is of historic significance,” said Manna Jo Greene, Environmental Action Director at Clearwater. “Opposing this subsidy will demonstrate to the country that nuclear power is not where our dollars should be spent. Many of these nuclear power plants are aging, leaky and dangerous. Clearwater strongly supports NY State’s goal of 50% renewable energy generation by 2030, but opposes the nuclear subsidy. Moving toward a fully renewable energy economy as rapidly as possible is the direction that New York should model for the nation.”

Among other objections, Clearwater’s lawsuit argues the PSC violated the State Administrative Procedures Act (SAPA) by providing insufficient time for public comment on the nuclear subsidy. SAPA requires a minimum of 30 days for an action of this significance. The final Clean Energy Standard (CES) proposal was only allowed 15 days (11 business days) for comment.

The suit also contends that the PSC made “false or misleading statements” by failing to use accurate and widely-accepted language, which is a further violation of SAPA. The PSC calls the CES nuclear subsidies “zero-emission credits” or “ZECs”, characterizing nuclear power plants as “zero-emissions,” which is scientifically invalid, and contradicts public understanding. The characterization also ignores the vast amount of highly radioactive waste the prolonged use of nuclear power will generate and need to store.

“It’s reasonable to call true renewable energy such as solar and wind power ‘zero emissions’ — but not these aging nuclear power plants,” said Greene. “They are far from emission-free, and the implication that keeping them running will somehow lower GHG emissions is unsubstantiated. The PSC should call these billion-dollar payments what they are: subsidies to prolong the operation of aging, unprofitable, increasingly dangerous nuclear power plants at public expense — and not ‘credits’ to help fight climate change.”

The filing also points out the PSC considered only two alternatives – either no action or the subsidy – but ignored more aggressive investment in renewable energy to achieve the Clean Energy Standard’s goal of generating half of New York’s energy from renewable sources by 2030. The PSC also failed to provide a valid cost-benefit analysis of its proposal for implementing the nuclear subsidy.

The redress Clearwater seeks through the lawsuit is to block or significantly alter the CES nuclear subsidies, including by prohibiting the PSC from locking them in for the next 12 years. As more renewable energy and energy efficiency come online, they will increasingly offer economically and environmentally superior clean energy alternatives. But, if left in place, CES nuclear subsidies would force New York ratepayers to pay billions to underwrite failing, uncompetitive nuclear power plants through 2029. Clearwater also seeks re formulation of the way the ZEC subsidies are calculated, so instead of directing ratepayer money to failing nuclear plants in the name of clean energy, the PSC allocates more funding for renewable energy generation, infrastructure, storage, improved transmission and energy efficiency. And finally, if there is to be a nuclear subsidy at all, there should be an opt-out clause that does not lock in all New York ratepayers for the next 12 years.

The Clearwater and Goshen Green Farms legal team includes John Parker, Esq., former NYS DEC Attorney, Region 3, now affiliated with Pace Law School; Susan Shapiro, Esq.; Victorine Froehlich, Esq.; and Michel Lee, Esq. of Council on Intelligent Energy & Conservation Policy (CIEPC), with help from Clearwater Board members, Seth Davis, Esq. and William Flank, PhD.

What can you do? Individuals, businesses and organizations that are already paying 100% renewable energy generation should not be made to pay a surcharge to support nuclear power! Anyone who is already purchasing 100% renewable energy from an Energy Service Provider (i.e. Green Mountain, Blue Rock, Con Ed Solutions and Viridian) is encouraged to join as a co-petitioner. Interested parties can email Manna Jo Greene at

To read the full Article 78, click the link below: